A Foreigner's Guide for investment in Romania


Romania is emerging as an enticing destination for those looking to invest in Romania, by its strategic European location that assures seamless access to diverse markets including the EU, CIS, and Middle East. Romania offers a robust terrain for Romania investment opportunities.

The nation not only boasts a favorable business environment positioned at 55th globally on the Ease of Doing Business index but also extends various investment incentives such as tax breaks and grants poised to entice “investitori in Romania”. Additionally, significant infrastructure investments enhance Romania's appeal as a logistical nexus, underpinning the strategic choice to invest Romania for foreign investors seeking growth and innovation amidst a stable democratic environment.

Contact us to make it happen we are there to help you +32 478 331 799 Freddy Jacobs. Or connect on Linkedin.

Understanding Romania's Investment Landscape

Romania's investment landscape is shaped by several key factors that make it an attractive destination for foreign investors. Firstly, non-residents have the liberty to purchase and sell apartments, though the sale of land is restricted to non-EU citizens unless through Romanian companies, fostering a somewhat open real estate market with steady growth in residential property prices. The nation's strategic position in Europe, membership in the EU, and proximity to significant markets like Central Asia and the Near East further enhance its appeal. Additionally, Romania offers a wealth of opportunities across various sectors, including IT, automotive, and energy, backed by a skilled and cost-effective workforce.

Key Investment Sectors and Opportunities in Romania:

IT and Telecommunications: With a strong pool of talent and competitive costs, Romania is a hub for IT innovation and digital services.

Energy: Boasting the highest energy independence in the EU, Romania is ripe for investments in renewable and conventional energy.

Real Estate: Despite restrictions on land sales to non-EU citizens, the growing real estate market, especially in Bucharest, presents lucrative investment opportunities.

Government Policies and Economic Indicators of Romania:

The Romanian government provides national treatment for foreign investors, ensuring no differentiation based on capital source, which, coupled with a relatively low level of public debt and favorable growth rate, positions Romania as a stable investment destination.

Prudent monetary measures and a commitment to digitization signal the government's focus on creating a conducive environment for investment.

These factors, combined with Romania's qualified workforce and abundant natural resources, underscore the country's potential as a prime location for foreign investment.

The Benefits of Investing in Romania

Investing in Romania offers benefits that contribute both to the investor's growth and the overall economic development of the country. Here are key advantages:

1. Tax Incentives and Citizenship Route: Investors benefit from favorable tax rates for micro-enterprises and can pursue Romanian citizenship within four to eight years. Permanent residence permits eliminate the need for yearly renewals, and family members can also secure long-term residence permits.

2. Economic Growth and Job Creation: Foreign investments play a crucial role in stimulating Romania's economic growth, leading to job creation, which in turn reduces unemployment rates and stimulates local economies.

3. Technological and Market Advancements:

Introduction of advanced technology and innovative practices enhances productivity within the Romanian market.

Access to international markets for Romanian companies, increasing sales and market share.

Improvements in infrastructure such as transportation systems and utilities bolster the country's efficiency and service delivery.

4. Competitive Market Environment:

The entry of foreign entities increases market competition, which results in better product quality, lower prices, and enhanced services for consumers.

Education and training opportunities provided by foreign investors equip local employees with improved skills and knowledge.

These factors collectively strengthen Romania's position as an attractive investment destination, offering tangible benefits to foreign investors while contributing to the nation's socio-economic advancement.

Challenges and Considerations for Investors in Romania

Investing in Romania presents several challenges and considerations that investors need to be aware of.

These include:

Government and Economy: The Romanian government's significant involvement in the economy, with state-owned enterprises playing major roles, can influence market dynamics. Additionally, management instability in these enterprises since 2014 has made it difficult for them to plan and invest efficiently.

Legislative and Bureaucratic Challenges: Investors often grapple with excessive red tape, an unpredictable legislative framework, and corruption, which can complicate business operations. Moreover, frequent legislative changes without private sector consultations add to the unpredictability.

Infrastructure Issues and workforce: Poor infrastructure impacts business costs and productivity, while a labor shortage, particularly in northern and western Romania, poses challenges for recruiting and retaining employees. Environmental challenges, including inadequate waste management practices and issues related to air quality and natural area protection, further complicate investment opportunities.

These factors underscore the importance of thorough due diligence and local understanding for those looking to invest in Romania.

Steps to Invest in Romania

For foreign investors eyeing Romania as their next venture location, understanding the procedural steps to secure a foothold is essential. Here's a streamlined guide:

1. Obtaining a Residence Permit:

Non-residents may acquire a one-year residence permit by investing in a Romanian company, paving the way for longer-term business operations.

Focus Areas for Investment in Romania:

The General Inspectorate for Immigration shows a preference for investments in real estate and technology sectors, indicating potential high-value areas for foreign investors.

3. Renewal of Residence Permit:

The Romanian Agency for Foreign Investments evaluates the investment's impact for the purpose of renewing the residence permit, ensuring continuity in business operations.

4. Exemptions:

Citizens from the US, Canada, Japan, and Switzerland enjoy exemptions from certain requirements such as investment minimums, job creation quotas, and proofs of subsistence, providing a smoother entry process.

5. Documentation:

Essential documents include proof of company ownership or shares, legal accommodation proof, financial sustenance evidence, social health insurance proof, a medical certificate, and the residence permit fee receipt.

This step-by-step guide not only simplifies the investment process in Romania but also highlights the government's supportive stance towards foreign investment, encouraging a diverse range of international business ventures.


Why Should You Consider Investing in Romania?

Romania presents a compelling case for investment due to its highly skilled workforce, rich natural resources, strategic geographic location that enhances the transportation of goods, and its status as one of the largest markets within Central and Eastern Europe. These factors collectively contribute to Romania's growing appeal as an investment destination.

Who Are the Major Foreign Investors in Romania?

The leading foreign investors in Romania include Germany, which tops the list, followed by Austria with a 10.7% investment stake, France at 9.7%, Italy contributing 7.8%, the United States at 6.7%, and the Netherlands at 5.3%. These countries have recognized the potential and opportunities that Romania offers and have made significant investments in various sectors of its economy.

What is the Most Profitable Business Sector in Romania?

The IT and software industry stands out as the most lucrative business sector in Romania. This is largely due to the country's education system, which emphasizes technical skills, positioning Romania as the 6th country globally in terms of the number of certified IT specialists per capita. The sector's profitability is a testament to the country's robust technical talent pool and favorable business environment.

What Do Investors Evaluate When Considering a Country for Investment?

When assessing a country for potential investment opportunities, investors typically analyze its economic and financial fundamentals. Key indicators that are often scrutinized include the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation rates, and Consumer Price Index (CPI) readings. These metrics provide valuable insights into the country's economic health and stability, guiding investors in making informed decisions.

Contact us to make it happen we are there to help you +32 478 331 799 Freddy Jacobs. Or connect on Linkedin.